The relationship between mcgregor's x-y theory management style and fulfillment of psychological contract: a literature review ramesh kumar moona haji mohamed. This is a comparison of leadership traits and behavioural theories papers, files or other stationeries one popular traits theory analysis is mcgregor's x. In 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as theory x and the other is positive, so called as theory y. Mcgregor developed two theories of human behaviour at work: theory and x and theory y he did not imply that workers would be one type or the other rather, he saw the two theories as two extremes - with a whole spectrum of possible behaviours in between the management implications for theory x.
Mcgregor's theory x and theory y offer two contrasting models of employee motivation douglas mcgregor's motivation & management theories related study materials reflective essays. Theory x and theory y douglas mcgregor (1906 -1964) was a lecturer at harvard university and became the first sloan fellows professor at mit his theory x and theory y was detailed in the human side of enterprise, published in 1960. Cognitive psychology theories of perception aidan sammons psychlotronorguk writing a 'describe and evaluate a theory' essay probably the commonest sort of essay question asks you to describe and evaluate one or. Mcgregor's theory x and theory y is a simplistic, but useful account of two theories or visions of human behavior on theory x, we are self-interested individuals who seek wealth and pleasure.
Theory x and theory y in a classic study, mcgregor discussed two leadership styles, theory x and theory y, which are appropriate ent as a critical component in. Management and motivation account for employees' abilities to think critically and reason, both of mcgregor's theory x and theory y —this approach again. Evaluating mcgregors theory as an approach to management in this essay i will elaborate more on the douglas mcgregor's theory x and y as well as how the theory. One psychologist, douglas mcgregor, categorized people's motivations into two broad categories: theory x and theory y theory x and theory y were developed in the 1960's and describe two different, almost opposite, attitudes to motivation in the workplace.
Sample essay on leadership deals with theory x and theory y and explains the difference between them find more information in our sample essay on leadership. Transformational vs transactional leadership theories: evidence in literature transformational leadership theory is all about leadership that creates. Words: 615 length: 2 pages document type: essay paper #: 69383865 douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y the work of douglas mcgregor, the renowned social psychologist at mit's sloan school of management who studied the theoretical foundations of human motivation in the 1960's, was premised on a binary conception of managerial perception known as theory x and theory y according to mcgregor. Management theory x, y and z essay example performance evaluation, and some work specialization mcgregor's x-y theory is a salutary and simple.
Mcgregor's theory y matches much of maslow's self-actualization level of motivation it is based on the assumption that self-direction, self-control, and maturity control motivation. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y this essay douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y and other 64,000+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on reviewessayscom. Learn more about the douglas mcgregor theory x and theory y to understand leadership styles which depend on the perception of people critical note on the. Mcgregor's ideas suggest that many managers tend towards theory x, and generally get poor results on the contrary, enlightened and successful managers use theory y, which produces better performance and results, and allows people to grow and develop in their roles. Mcgregor (cited by bola, 2002) describes the 'x-y' concept as the theory that underpins the practices and attitudes of managers with regard to their employees huber (2000) states that theory 'x' managers assume that employees are lazy, that they dislike responsibility, would rather be directed, oppose change and desire safety.
Considered then-current management assumptions (theory x) while mcgregor's theory y and critical to the success of the scanlon plan (quoted in bennis, schein. Factor) theory, (3) mcgregor's x y theories, and (4) mcclel-land's need for achievement theory critical incident method is not used for data collection. Relationship between mcgregors theory x and y and to evaluate the extent to which lmx mediates the influence of theory x and y management styles on subordinates.
Theory x and theory y essay - mcgregor (1960) described two views on human motivation: theory x and y theory x, the more conventional one, holds the view that people are in themselves not intrinsically motivated to work and even attempt to avoid it, that people have no ambition, are resistant to change, are not particularly intelligent and. Pplication of two motivation theories-maslow's hierarchy of needs theory and mcgregor's theory x &y to increase the productivity of staff according to maslow, a person's needs are the main motivator that drives a human. Mcgregor (1960), argyris (1972) and schein (1988) have identified three 'common sense' approaches: theory x, theory y and social theory theory x states that people cannot be trusted they need to be controlled.
In his book the human side of enterprise (1960), douglas mcgregor studied behavior patterns of individuals in the workplace, and formulated the x and y theory. Essay about mcgregor's theory x and y - managing resources efficiently and effectively is the most fundamental goal for organisation which aims to maximise. Most i-o psychologists recognize the name douglas mcgregor, and they have dutifully memorized the characteristics of theory x and theory y managers, but i suspect that many do not appreciate the influence that mcgregor had on organizational psychology.